Planting Tips

Gulf Coast Daylily Society of Southeast Texas

 

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PLANTING DAYLILIES

By Deane Spradley

Give new plants the best start by planting in well prepared beds in full sun to partial shade. Look for an area that receives at least six hours of sunlight daily. Unless you have sandy, well-drained soil, a raised bed is best.

Daylilies prefer a neutral to slightly acidic soil. Whether your soil is sand or clay, work in generous amounts of organic material. Compost, composted leaves, or composted manures will modify soil extremes and improve growing conditions.

Prepare the bed by working the soil at least a foot down. To plant a daylily, dig a hole a little larger than the roots and make a mound in the center of the hole. Place the crown of the plant on top of the mound and spread the roots around it so that when the hole is filled, the crown will be no more than an inch below soil level. The crown is the main part of the plant, the ball of tissue from which both roots and leaves grow.

Space daylilies about eighteen inches apart to leave room for the plants to multiply. Water in well at planting, but do not over water while daylilies are forming new roots. Diluted root stimulator may be used at planting, but wait three or four weeks until the plants have put on some good growth before further fertilization.

Mulch is beneficial year-round, it helps maintain a more even soil temperature and discourages weeds. Applications of a balanced fertilizer in October and February should be adequate.

Daylilies usually need to be divided every three to five years. October is the ideal time for dividing. Soak a clump in water or hose it off to loosen the roots for easier division. Sometimes gently shaking the clump will be sufficient to see how many divisions can be made. Work the roots apart to separate into individual fans. Trim long roots before replanting and trim foliage on the divided fans to about six inches. Replant your new divisions or share with friends.